The latter  met the women's objectives, the former,   however, proposed criminalizing both parties to an exchange in prostitution, including both hetero and homosexual prostitution. Release of the report attracted many initial commentaries in both English   and Swedish. Health professionals shifted from arguing about contagion to arguing morality. However, this was not as homogeneous as is sometimes perceived. By , women parliamentarians were stating that prostitution was the most important social problem of all time,  demanding a further commission In April , the law was amended as part of a reform of sexual crimes to add the clause "That which is stated in the first section also applies if the payment has been promised or made by someone else" to include procurement by a third party, which was acknowledged as a loophole. Gendering the debate[ edit ] While maintaining that this was not about women's sexuality, the supporters of the bill claimed that women should control their own bodies, and that this was about men's access to women's bodies.
Some attempt was made to distinguish between voluntary and involuntary prostitution. It stated that since the introduction of the ban on buying sex, street prostitution had been halved, and that: Legislation was created in However, the law is politically constructed, discussed, and enforced in the context of women selling sex to men. Abolish the Sex Purchase Law! The rest "didn't know". It specifically pointed out that this also applies to the Swedish model, claiming it has actually resulted in consequences for the sex workers, even though reported as a success to the public. However, the data on men reporting purchasing sex has been called into question for a number of reasons. In support of this, they cited a case  in which it was held that the law did not provide a woman with a civil right to damage awards from a purchaser in a sexual transaction. An abolitionist office, the Svenska Federationen , was established in Sweden in ,  and eventually protests, including women's movements in the s,  led to the commissioning of an inquiry in , reporting in Firstly, multiple researchers have questioned the influence of legislative change, and the shift from a non-criminal to criminal act being the subject of the question. The Moderate conservative Party  and Liberals  opposed the policy, while the Christian Democrats  abstained. However, based on a gender equality and human rights perspective, However, whatever the numbers, the scientific question is whether this has anything to do with the sex purchase law or, rather, reflects historical patterns and cultural attitudes. In April , the law was amended as part of a reform of sexual crimes to add the clause "That which is stated in the first section also applies if the payment has been promised or made by someone else" to include procurement by a third party, which was acknowledged as a loophole. Messing's agenda was expansive: Twentieth century[ edit ] After , control of prostitution was a national responsibility, under two laws, the Lex Veneris ,  and the Vagrancy law , dealing with disease and unemployment respectively, since money earned through prostitution was considered illegal. Demand for women's sexual "services" is constructed as a form of male dominance over women, and as a practice which maintains patriarchal hegemony. This indicates that the ban has not led to street prostitution in Sweden shifting arenas to the Internet. In practice, the law was used less and less, was successfully challenged in court in , and was replaced in by the Social Services Act of , till the Prohibition of Purchase of Sexual Services Act  of amended A further commission was instigated in under a former Ombudsman. The prostitution commission proposed criminalizing prostitution related activities as part of the fight against such a social evil, including the actions of clients, although for law and order reasons rather than moral. However, the debate continues to be very divisive. Alliances were formed with prohibitionist anti-trafficking groups such as the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women ,  and representations made at higher levels such as the European Union, Council of Europe and the United Nations. She also wrote that, "No doubt, critics of this law will soon be arguing that the research that formed the basis of this evaluation is flawed and biased". Some observers have noted that practitioners have left Sweden in order to ply their trade elsewhere, Africa being one destination.
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